Prevalence and Properties of Sexual Hookups Among First-Semester Women University Students

Prevalence and Properties of Sexual Hookups Among First-Semester Women University Students


First-semester women college students (letter = 118) accomplished (a) surveys to estimate the frequency of erotic hookups and (b) event-level examination to demonstrate the behavioral properties of these current hookup. Hookups including dental, vaginal, or sodomy happened to be claimed by 51% just before school, 36per cent during their primary term, and sixty percent towards the end regarding initial session. Event-level analyses expose that hookups are almost certainly going to include associates (47%) or contacts (23%) rather than complete strangers (14%); drinks make use of (central = 3 products) preceded 64percent of hookups. Condoms were chosen during 69% of genital intercourse hookups.

Trendy magazines, particularly Unhooked (Stepp, 2007) and connecting (Bogle, 2008), detail a pervasive erectile a€?hookupa€? customs among senior high school and college students. These important reports bring on anecdotal facts to propose that typical relationship happens to be exchanged by a€?hooking up.a€? Hookups were intimate connections between couples that aren’t in an intimate connection (Bogle, 2008). Although scholarly reports regarding the hookup experience has actually started to arise, two basic questions stays unanswered: exactly how usual tends to be hookups? and exactly what characterizes a hookup? The present investigation resolved those two important points.


Self esteem in previous shows with the occurrence of hookups is undermined by way of imprecise descriptions of hookup partnerships and demeanor. Whatever romance has been explained inconsistently, with some writers restricting hookups to a€?one-night stalla€? (for example, Eshbaugh & Gute, 2008; Penhollow, youth, & Bailey, 2007) and the like stipulating just the couples not in an intimate relationship (for example, Garcia & Reiber, 2008; Owen, Rhoades, Stanley, & Fincham, in click). Hookup habits in addition have definitely not recently been determined exactly (for example, Lambert, Kahn, & orchard apple tree, 2003; Paul, McManus, & Hayes, 2000), enabling people to establish the term idiosyncratically. Utilizing investigator-generated meanings for hookup does not resolve this methodological challenges because pupils may dismiss this meaning and respond to questions with own private expertise in the definition of. As a result, to manage these considerations in the current learn, most of us couldn’t utilize the phase hookup when evaluating frequency. As an alternative, most of us determined an informal partner so a fashion that caught the centre of connecting (cf. Bogle, 2008; Paul & Hayes, 2002) and inquired about certain intimate demeanor this kind of partnerships.

Characterizing hookups

Teens use expression a€?hookupa€? to refer to numerous personal interactions between business partners (Paul & Hayes, 2002). The ambiguity intrinsic in the label affords security but obscures a precise understanding of the sensation. Thus, an additional intent behind this research were examine the determining attributes of hookups as stated by school females. 1 towards this stop, we put an event-level approach to raise information on membersa€™ current hookup (cf. Weinhardt & Carey, 2000); this strategy lowers storage concern, prevents averaging across activities, and offers exact details about hookups.

We all examined eight dimensions of hookups which have possibly perhaps not come well-researched or have-been susceptible to contradictory effects: (1) mate kinds (e.g., buddies, guests), (2) lifetime of the partnership (a€?one-night standa€? vs. numerous functions), (3) alcoholic drinks and substance incorporate, (4) the motivation for hookups (e.g., virility, fellow force), (5) the specific erectile conduct that occurred, (6) condom need, (7) mental responses, and (8) differences when considering passionate affairs and hookups.



Participants are 118 first-semester feminine university students recruited from an introductory therapy training for a research on a€?health demeanor and relationships.a€? Normally, participants are 18 years of age (SD = 0.2). Ethnic history ended up being 71per cent Caucasian, 12percent Asian, ten percent Hispanic, 5per cent African United states, and 2per cent more. At research entrance, the majority of players (61per cent) comprise solitary, twenty percent had been in a committed connection, 18per cent were dating one person, and 1per cent comprise dating several people. At learn admission, members likewise documented on average 2.4 lifetime dental sex associates (SD = 3.2, mean = 2), and 1.5 life time vaginal love-making associates (SD = 1.9, average = 1). All members lived-in on-campus household places during their first term and are not but permitted join sororities.


All treatments comprise authorized by the organization Analysis Board. After providing written well informed agree, people accomplished two studies. The first research (T1) occurred at the outset of the semester in September 2007, in addition to the secondly analyze (T2) is accomplished at the conclusion of the semester in late December or first December 2007 (letter = 109). The studies are related using a non-traceable laws. Upon conclusion, participants was given course assets.

Analyze Stuff

In the 1st portion of the survey, all of us sent an email to request information about sociodemographic characteristics (for example., years, race, romance position) and erectile record (for example., amount of lifetime dental and genital love-making mate).

Next, all of us assessed the frequency of hookups. To avoid disorder natural in past investigation (noticed previous), we all would not make use of phrase a€?hookup.a€? As an alternative, all of us inquired about particular sexual conduct with a laid-back spouse, thought as a€?someone that you weren’t matchmaking or even in a romantic connection with and, during the time of the erectile interacting with each other, you had no good outlook of an enchanting persistence.a€? Females showed with just how many relaxed business partners that were there engaged in: (a) kissing, (b) received boobies moved, (c) touch partnera€™s genitals or getting your genitals moved beyond and (d) underneath of clothing/underwear, (elizabeth) oral sex, (f) genital sexual intercourse, and (grams) sodomy, before showing up on campus (T1) and also, since showing up on campus (T2).

Further, most people assessed features of hookups making use of 12 items which requested college students concerning their newest a€?hookup.a€? With this part, we purposely utilized the expression a€?hookupa€? but most of us failed to render a definition; this needed that people report on any enjoy they thought to be a hookup. Below, these were asked: (a) when the hookup happened, (b) with whom they hooked up (complete stranger, friend, friend, ex-boyfriend, more), and (c) when it am once they connected with that spouse. They were furthermore requested (d) if he or she eaten alcohol or medicines ahead of the hookup, when hence (e) just how many drinks (using typical descriptions; Dufour, 1999), and/or (f) just what drug(s). Individuals mentioned (grams) what certain erotic symptoms took place, and whether a condom applied if (henry) dental sex or (we) vaginal or sodomy occurred. In addition, they suggested (j) the explanations they installed from a long list of 19 intentions (adapted from Regan & Dreyer, 1999; Weaver & Herold, 2000). Last, they certainly were need about what extent they (k) took pleasure in and/or (fifty) regretted their current hookup, on independent 7-point Likert machines. For many points, female encountered the solution to indicate people had never ever hooked up.

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